Imam Musa al-Kadhim ibn Jafar (A.S.) || Imam Reza (A.S.) Network (2022)

Imam Musa al-Kadhim ibn Jafar (A.S.)

By: Ali Azhar Arastu
Suppose one might say that I do not believe in the traditions found in the books of Ithna Ashari Shias nor the books of Ahle Sunna. Then in this scenario, what should be the criteria for a good role model as a leader? What characteristics should a good leader have? We follow the Imams so that they lead us towards the right path, the path of the Holy Prophet (sawa). Therefore, these Imams should have some impeccable qualities in order to be the successors of the Holy Prophet (sawa).
We have already discussed the lifestyles of some of the Ismaili/Fatimid Imams. Now I would like to shed some light on two of the Ithna Ashari Imams after Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (as) after which the split of sects took place, so the reader could compare on the huge difference between the personalities which each of the sects took as their leaders.
Imam Musa al-Kadhim ibn Jafar (as) Martyred 183 AH/799 AD.
Imam Musa al-Kadhim was the son of Imam al-Sadiq (as) and was born in Abwaa on the 7th of Safar 128 AH/745 AD. Imam al-Sadiq (as) and his honorable wife were returning from Hajj and on their way back Imam Musa al-Kadhim was born in Abwaa, a city located in between Mecca and Medina. He was named Musa and al-Kadhim is the title given to him that means the one who swallows anger, his other titles include: Abd-e-Salih, Ameen, and Babul Hawaij. The title Babul Hawaij was given to him because of all the miraculous healings and extraordinary events that have been witnessed in his shrine in Baghdad for centuries. There are books written on this subject that narrate the eyewitness accounts of the miraculous healings that took place in his shrine. One of the Imams of Ahle Sunna, Imam al-Shafi’ said, ‘the tomb of Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as) is proven effective for fulfilling wishes.’1 Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as) is also known by Kunyas (nicknames) like: Abul Hasan Awwal, Abul Hasan Madhi, and Abu Ibrahim.

His life in a nutshell
Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as) was born in 128 AH during the reign of Marwan Himar. After three years, his dynastic rule came to an end and the first ruler of Bani Abbas ascended to the throne. He ruled from 132 to 136 AH, when Mansur Dawaniqi succeeded him, who got Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (as) assassinated through poison in 148 AH and the Imamate of Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as) began from the age of twenty years. In the year 158 AH Mansur was succeeded by Mahdi Abbasi, who ruled for ten years and in 169 AH he was succeeded by Hadi, who could not remain in power for more than a year. In 170 AH Harun came to the throne who had Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as) assassinated through poison in 183 AH. At that time, the age of the Imam was fifty-five years, of which twenty years passed under the care of his father and then he held the position of Imamate for a period of thirty-five years.

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The childhood of Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as)
Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as) since his childhood had all the traits of being the successor of Imam al-Sadiq (as) as he had many extraordinary traits, to list a few: When Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as) was only 5 years old, Abu Hanifa came to visit Imam al-Sadiq (as), and he saw Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as), so he narrates: I, Abu Hanifa, asked him (Imam al-Kadhim), about the source of the acts of disobedience to Allah, he (as) answered: the source of any sin is unquestionably one of the three: either Allah makes man do them, or Allah and the servant are both responsible, or the servant alone is responsible. If Allah is the source of sins (which certainly He is not) then it is improper for Him to punish the servants for that which they did not commit. If Allah and the servants are together responsible for the sins (this cannot be true either) then it is improper for the stronger partner to wrong the weak partner. And if the servant is responsible for his sins (and this is true), then the Lord may pardon him or punish him for the commitment of such a sin. After I had heard so, I left before I could meet Abu-Abdillah (Imam al-Sadiq) since those words were sufficient for me.2
It is interesting to note that the fact that this belief in predestination is something the tyrant rulers made up, they wanted to justify their crimes by means of this belief; their goal was that the people should consider them as being given power through destiny and that people should not question their authority.
In another incident, Abu Hanifa once came to see Imam al-Sadiq (as) and when he saw the young boy (Imam al-Kadhim), he asked a question to him (as). He asked: If a person visits your town then where should he go to answer the call of nature? Imam al-Kadhim (as) replied: He should take the support of the rear walls, keep away from the view of neighbors, remain aloof from river banks, avoid the shade of the fruit bearing trees, stay away from the courtyards and streets, leave the mosques, refrain from facing Ka’aba or keeping his back to it, he should take care of his garments, and sit down wherever he likes. Abu Hanifa asked the boy, ‘What is your name?’ The little boy replied, ‘I am Musa Ibn Jafar ibn Muhammad.’ Abu Hanifa was astounded by this reply coming from a young boy, so his companion Abdullah Ibn Muslim said, ‘Did I not tell you that even the children from the family of prophet are different from ordinary children?’ 3

The designation (Nass)
There are many ahadith in the books of Ithna Ashari Shias where Imam al-Sadiq (as) had specifically announced the Imamate of Imam Musa al-Kadhim after him, in front of his companions. I would like to list a few:
Mufaddal Ibn Umar Jofi (known for his reliability) narrates: He asked Imam al-Sadiq (as) about the Imam after him, Imam (as) replied: My son Musa.4
Yazid Ibn Sulait (known for his piety) narrates: He met Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (as) on the way to Mecca and said: May my parents be sacrificed on you; you are an Imam, but no one is exempt from death; thus if something happens to you, who will be the Imam? Imam (as) gestured to his son, Musa, and said: He is having all the good qualities like knowledge, wisdom, understanding, generosity, cognition of Islamic law, good nature, good behavior to relatives. He is a door of mercy and is having another excellence in addition to these. The narrator asked: What is it? He replied: Allah will create from his progeny one who will be the helper and refuge of this Ummah; who would be the standard of its guidance and effulgence personified. Through him, Almighty Allah would protect lives, solve disputes and remove disunity; He would provide garments to the unclothed and feed the hungry. The fearful would get reassurance; the rain of mercy will descend. He would be the best of the sons and the most excellent elder; his statement would be the deciding statement and his silence would be the silence of wisdom.5
Dawood Ibn Kathir narrates, he said to Imam al-Sadiq (as): O’ son of the messenger, before you all have passed away, and if something happens to you, to whom should we refer? He (as) replied, ‘My son Musa’. 6
Faidh Ibn Mukhtar Narrates: He came to Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (as) and began to talk about Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as), who meanwhile returned from home and Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (as) said: Faidh, he is the one about whom you were asking me. Get up and accept his rightfulness for Imamate. Faidh kissed the hand and forehead of the Imam and then asked: Moula, can this information be given to others? He replied: Indeed, inform your family members and friends; but this information should not become public as times are very dangerous and the contemporary regime is always in pursuit of divine proof.7
Isa Alawi narrates: He went to meet Imam al-Sadiq (as) and said: If, God forbid something happens to you who would be the Imam after you? Imam (as) replied: My son, Musa…8
Maad Ibn Kathir narrates: He came to Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (as) and said: I pray to the Almighty that like He has given you this position in place of your father, He should create such a worthy person in your progeny as well. Imam (as) replied: Allah has already created him and saying this he gestured to his son, Musa, who was asleep at that moment.9
Mansur Ibne Hazim narrates: He came to the Imam and said: No one can be said to live forever; in case something happens to you, who would be the Imam after you? Imam (as) replied: This son of mine, Musa. (He was aged only 5 years at that time).10
Sulaiman Ibne Khalid narrates: He was seated in the gathering with Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (as) along with others when Imam Musa (as) arrived. Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (as) said: He would be your Imam and Wali after me.11
Ishaq Ibne Jafar narrates: He says: I was there with my father when Imran Ibne Ali asked Imam al-Sadiq (as): Who would be the Imam after you? He said: The first to enter this room. Just then Imam Musa (as) entered the gathering and he was only a few years old.12
Ali Ibn Jafar narrates: He says: My father (Imam al-Sadiq) said to a group of his companions: Behave nicely with my son, Musa as he is the best in the world and after me, he would be my successor.13
Zurarah Ibne Ayyin narrates: He says: I was present with Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (as) and Imam Musa Ibne Jafar (as) was also present. Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (as) said: Call Humran, Abu Basir and Dawood Raqqi from my companions. I brought all of them and by chance Mufaddal Ibne Umar and other companions also arrived. Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (as) removed the sheet from the face of Ismail and asked: Dawood, is he dead or alive? He said: He has passed away. The Imam made everyone witness this and after that began the funeral rites. After that, Imam (as) again showed his face to all those who were present; that he is Ismail who has already passed away. After that, he ordered him to be buried; when the body was lowered into the grave, the Imam displayed his face to everyone again and asked: Who is the one that is being buried? All said: It is Ismail. Imam (as) held the hand of his son, Musa and said: This is the rightful Imam and truth is with him and would continue in his generations.14
 [Musa al-Sayqal reported on the authority of al-Mufaddal b. Umar al-Jufi, may God have mercy on him, who said:] I (i.e. al-Mufaddal b. Umar al-Jufi) was with Abu Abd Allah (Imam Sadiq), peace be on him. Abu Ibrahim (Imam al-Kadhim), peace be on him, came in. He was still a boy. Abu Abd Allah, peace be on him, said to him: “Indicate to those of your Companions whom you trust that the position of authority belongs to him, Musa.”15
 [Abu Ali al-Arrajani reported on the authority of Abd al-Rahman b. al Hajjaj, who said:] I (i.e. Abd al-Rahman b. al-Hajjaj) visited Jafar b. Muhammad, peace be on them, in his house. He was in such-and-such a room in his house which he used as a prayer-room. He was praying there. On his right hand was Musa b. Jafar, peace be on them, following his prayer.”May God make me your ransom,” I said, “you know how I have dedicated my life to you and (you know of) my service to you. Who is the master of the affair (wali al-amr) after you?” He said: “Abd al-Rahman, Musa has put on the armor and it fitted him.” “After that, I have no further need of anything,” I replied.16
 [Ibn Miskan reported on the authority of Sulayman b. Khalid, who said:] One day Abu Abd Allah Jafar, peace be on him, called for Abu al-Hasan Musa (Imam al-Kadhim) while we were with him. He told us: “It is your duty (to follow) this man after me. By God, he is your leader after me.”17
 [Muhammad b. al-Walid reported: I heard Ali b. Jafar b. Muhammad al-Sadiq, peace be on them, say:] I (i.e. ‘Ali b. Jafar) heard my father, Jafar b. Muhammad, peace be on them, say to a group of his close associates and followers: “Treat my son, Musa, peace be on him, with kindness. He is the most meritorious (afdal) of my children and the one who will succeed after me. He is the one who will undertake (qa’im) my position. He is God’s proof (hujja) to all His creatures after me.” Ali b. Jafar remained firmly loyal to his brother Musa, peace be on him, devoted to him, and enthusiastic in taking the outlines of religion from him. He has a famous (book) Masa’il (questions) in which he relates the answers he heard from (Musa ibn Jafar, peace be upon him).18

Points to ponder about
 There are so many authentic narrators who confirm the fact that Imam al-Sadiq (as) did announce Imam al-Kadhim (as) as his successor.
 How come there are no such narrations regarding Ismail or Muhammad ibn Ismail?
What has been said about Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as)
 He was the successor and inheritor of Imam Jafar (as) in knowledge and divine cognition and was the greatest worshipper and charitable personality of the world.19
 He was the owner of extreme dignity and majesty and was a respectable personality. He possessed every kind of excellence and was a renowned personality of his time. He spent his nights in prayers and fasts and gave charity during the days.20
 He was a very respected and honorable Imam and a majestic divine proof. He spent the nights awake in prayers and fasted during days.21
 He was the greatest scholar, worshipper and the most charitable person of his time and he possessed a lofty soul.22
 He was the most sincere worshipper and pious man of his time. His excellences and perfections are innumerable.23
 He was the greatest personality of the world from the aspect of knowledge and cognition and became the guardian of the Ummah according to the nomination of his father.24

Points to ponder about
 Not only Shias but also scholars of Ahle Sunna had praises for Imam al-Kadhim (as).
 Are there any such comments found regarding the Ismaili Imams?

Worship of Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as)
 Like the rest of the infallibles, Imam Musa al-Kadhim also was known for his worship. The total time Imam (as) spent in the prison was about 14 years. He used to thank Allah (swt) for giving him the opportunity to worship in peace in the prison. The regime of that time was bewildered by this attitude of the Imam (as), that even in such hard times he was thankful to Allah (swt), and was engrossed in worship. Such was the state of his worship that after morning prayers, he used to place his head in prostration and he would raise his head only when it was time for noon prayers. So much so that he was called as ‘one who performed long prostrations’.25
 Harun al-Rashid tried different tactics to get rid of Imam Musa al-Kadhim, but they failed, so he sent a beautiful lady into the cell of the Holy Imam (as) to frame him for unlawful sex. But when the prison wardens surveyed the prison, they found the woman in prostration. She was asked that she had a task to perform, what happened? And she explained, ‘when I came here I saw that the Imam was busy in supplicating to the Almighty and the voices of Labbaik (here I am) were coming from the other side; so I realized that there could be no better opportunity of worship; thus now I get pleasure only in prostration.26
 Harun al-Rashid ordered that Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as) be imprisoned in Basra, the governor of Basra at that time was Isa’ ibn Jafar ibn al-Mansur then after a year Harun al-Rashid wrote to Isa’ ibn Jafar to kill the Imam (as). Isa ibn Jafar wrote to Harun: ‘The affair of Musa ibn Jafar and his stay under my detention has been going on for a long time. I have become well acquainted with his situation. I have set spies on him throughout this period and I have found him doing nothing but worship. I set someone to listen to what he said in his supplications. He has never prayed against you or me. He has never mentioned us with malice. He does not pray for himself except for forgiveness and mercy. Either you send someone whom I can hand him over to or I will set him free. I am troubled at detaining him.’ It is reported that one of the spies of Isa’ ibn Jafar reported to him that frequently he used to hear him (Imam Musa) say in his prayers while he was detained: O’ God, You know that I used to ask You to give me free time to worship You. O’ God you have done that. To You be praise.’ After receiving the message from Isa’ ibn Jafar, Harun al- Rashid directed that Imam al-Kadhim (as) should be sent to Baghdad, there he (as) was handed over to al-Fadl ibn al-Rabi’. 27

(Video) Imam Musa al Kadhim (as)- The 7th Imam

Points to ponder about
 The amount of worship the Holy Imam did, even while in prison!
 Why were the rulers after the Imams? What were they afraid of?
 Altogether 14 years of Imam al-Kadhim’s life was spent in prison.
 Are any of the Ismaili Imams known for such worship?

Earning the daily bread
The Imams of Ahlul Bayt (as) used to work for a living. For example, Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (as), worked on one of his farms. Abu ‘Umar al-Shaybani has related, saying: “I saw Abi ‘Abd Allah (Jafar al-Sadiq), peace be on him, carrying a spade in his hand, wearing thick loin cloth and oozing sweat. Thus, I said to him: ‘May I be your ransom, let me help you!’ He, peace be on him, said: ‘I like to see man toiling in the heat of the sun for seeking his livelihood.”28
Imam al-Kadhim (as) worked for earning a living too. Al-Hasan b. ‘Ali b. Hamza has narrates, saying: “I saw Abi al-Hasan Musa (Imam al-Kadhim, peace be upon him) working on a land of his. His feet were soaked with sweat, so I asked him: ‘May I be your ransom, where are the men?’ Imam al-Kadhim (as) replied: ‘Ali, the one who is better than I and my father worked with his hand? Al-Hasan was dazzled and asked him: Who is he? He (as) replied: Allah’s Apostle, may Allah bless him and his family, the Commander of the faithful (Imam Ali), and all my forefathers worked with their hands; work is of the behaviors of the prophets, the apostles, and the righteous.29

Points to ponder about
 The true Imams used to work hard to make their living. They used to even take pride in doing so. Are there any such anecdotes regarding the Ismaili/Fatimid Imams?

Some interesting anecdotes from his life

(Video) The Life and Legacy of the 7th Imam, Musa ibn Ja'far al-Kadhim (as)

Anecdote # 1
All of the infallible Imams (as) displayed excellent manners and had impeccable character. Allama Hilli narrates in his book ‘Minhajul Karama’ that when Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as) was in Baghdad, he passed by a decorated house and the sound of singing and music was heard from within. Just then, a maid came out to throw garbage. Imam al-Kadhim (as) asked the maid: Who is the owner of his house, a slave or a free man? She said: A free man. Imam (as) said: Indeed, if it had been a slave, he would have obeyed his master. Saying this, the Imam moved on. When the slave girl returned inside the house, Bushr the master of the house asked why she took such a long time and she narrated the incident. Bushr was so much affected by these words that he ran out of the house barefooted to meet the Imam, and when he caught up to the Imam, he asked for divine forgiveness for his actions and in memory of this incident he walked barefoot all his life.30 Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as) changed this man with a short statement; these words of the Imam were so effective that this man totally changed. Bushr Hafi repented after this incident and started practicing piety and became a great saint.

Points to ponder about
 The goal of the truly divinely appointed Imams was guidance. They were not after the worldly pleasures.
 The truly divinely appointed Imams used different approaches to guide the people. Imam (as) used such a nice approach to guide Bushr Hafi.
 Are there any such anecdotes regarding the Ismaili/Fatimid Imams?

Anecdote # 2
Once Harun al-Rashid was visiting the Holy city of Medina and he came to the grave of the Holy Prophet (sawa) and he said, ‘peace be upon you O’ son of my uncle’. The people around Harun were very impressed that Harun was related to the Holy Prophet (sawa). Just then Imam al-Kadhim came to visit the grave of the Holy Prophet (sawa) and he said, ‘peace be on you O’ my father’. Hearing this Harun was annoyed and said, ‘how can you be the son of the Prophet, you are the son of Ali and of Fatima and she was the daughter of the Prophet (sawa)? Imam al-Kadhim (as) recited the ayahs of Suratul An’am 83-85: That was Our argument which We gave to Abraham (to use) against his people: We raise whom We will, degree after degree: for thy Lord is full of wisdom and knowledge.31
We gave him Isaac and Jacob: all (three) We guided: and before him, We guided Noah, and among his progeny, David, Solomon, Job, Joseph, Moses, and Aaron: thus do We reward those who do good.32
And Zakariya and John, and Jesus and Elias: all in the ranks of the Righteous:33 After reciting the ayahs, Imam Kadhim (as) asked Harun, “Who is the father of Jesus (as)?” Imam continued, “Jesus is considered among the Prophet’s offspring through his mother Maryam; likewise, we are the offspring of the Holy Prophet (sawa) through our mother, Fatima (sa)…” [Here as per these ayahs Jesus (as) is the son of Noah (as), but Jesus (as) was the son of Mary (sa) and he was miraculously born without a father and as per Quran, Jesus (as) is from the progeny of Noah (as)].
Then Imam al-Kadhim (as) quoted the ayah 61 of Suratul Aal e Imran: Should anyone argue with you concerning him, after the knowledge that has come to you, say, “Come! Let us call our sons and your sons, our women and your women, our souls and your souls, then let us pray earnestly and call down Allah’s curse upon the liars.”34
(Here the Holy Prophet (sawa) took Imam Hasan and Imam Husayn (as) as his sons when he confronted the Christians)
After quoting the ayahs to Harun, Imam al-Kadhim (as) asked him, “If the Prophet (sawa) would come back and ask you O’ Harun, for your daughter, then would you give your daughter’s hand in marriage to the Prophet (sawa)?” Harun replied, “Glory be to Allah! Why wouldn’t I fulfill his wish? Indeed I would be honored among the Arabs, non-Arabs, and Quraish to do so.” The Imam then said: “But he would not ask to marry my daughter, nor could I give her to him in marriage.” Harun exclaimed: “Why not?” The Imam said: “For he has begotten me and has not begotten you, my daughter will be Mahram to him (sawa) as she is from his progeny.”35

Points to ponder about
 The truly divinely appointed Imams in a lot of cases used to answer the questions using the verses of Quran. Are any such answers found in the lives of the Ismaili/Fatimid Imams?
 The divinely appointed Imams were not afraid of telling the truth even in front of the oppressor caliph.
 The answers of the divinely appointed Imams were logical. Can one find any such logical answers given by the Ismaili/Fatimid Imams?

(Video) Imam Musa ibn Jaffar || Masoomeen || Musa Al-Kadhim || KAZSchool

Sayings of Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as)
 Kindness and love to people is half of wisdom.36
 Whoever wants to be the strongest among the people should depend upon Allah.37
 He is not of us (the one) who does not reckon himself every day, so if he did a good deed he asks Allah for increasing it, and if he did a bad deed, he asks Allah’s forgiveness and repents to Him.38
 Anger is the key to every evil.39
 Whoever made supplication before (thanking and) praising Allah and before sending blessing upon the Prophet (sawa) is as the one who throws an arrow without a bowstring.40
 Whoever made his parents sad has been ungrateful to them.41
 Whenever people commit new sins which they didn’t use to do, Allah gives them new afflictions which they didn’t expect.42
 Your aid to the weak is of the best of charities.43
 Reliance on Allah has grades. One of them is that you rely on Him in every matter and be pleased with whatever He decides for you and know that He never hesitates in providing you any good and grace and that every decision is from Him so leave every affair to His Will and rely and put trust only in Him.44
 Every person who strives to obtain Halal (permissible) sustenance or provision is like a fighter in the path of God.45
 If there is a walnut in your hand and people say that it is a pearl, their saying will not benefit you in any way when you know that it is actually a walnut. And if there is a pearl in your hand and people say that it is a walnut, their saying will not harm you in any way when you know that it is actually a pearl.46
 Indeed cultivation and growth takes shape in a soft, even land and not in a rocky (barren) land. Likewise, wisdom grows and develops in a humble heart and not in a proud, vain and arrogant heart.47

Points to ponder about
 The sayings of the divinely appointed Imams are full of wisdom. Do the Ismaili/Fatimid Imams have such sayings at all?
1. Jawadi, Allamah Zeeshan Haider, Nuqoosh Ismat, p. 599 quotes from Matalibus So-ool, p. 278; Sawaiqul Mohriqa, p. 131; Manaqib, vol. 3, p. 125
2. Nuqoosh Ismat, p. 600, quotes from Behaar al-Anwaar, vol. 11, p. 185; Amali, Sayyid Murtada, vol. 1, p. 151; Ihtijaj Tabarsi, p. 198; Manaqib, vol. 3, p. 429
3. Tohaf ul Uqool, p. 411; Nuqoosh Ismat, p. 602
4. Nuqoosh Ismat, p. 611 quotes from Behaar al-Anwaar, vol. 11, p. 234; Kamaluddin Tamamun Nima, p. 203, Kitabul Irshad, p. 308
5. Nuqoosh Ismat, pp. 611, 612 quoted from Behaar al-Anwaar, vol. 11, p. 234; Uyun al-Akhbar al-Ridha, vol. 1, p. 23
6. Nuqoosh Ismat, p. 612 quoted from Behaar al-Anwaar vol. 11, p. 233; Uyun al- Akhbar al-Ridha, vol. 1, p. 156
7. Nuqoosh Ismat, p. 612 quoted from Behaar al-Anwaar, vol. 11, p. 234; Usul Kafi; Basairud Darajaat, Vol. 7, Chap. 11; p. 96; Kitabul Irshad, p. 307
8. Nuqoosh Ismat, p. 613 quoted from Usul Kafi, vol. 1, p. 309; Behaar al-Anwaar, vol. 11, p. 235; Elamul Wara, p. 288
9. Nuqoosh Ismat, p. 614 quoted from Usul Kafi, vol. 1, p. 308; al-Irshad, p. 308; Behaar al-Anwaar, vol.
10. Nuqoosh Ismat, p. 614 quoted from Usul Kafi, vol. 1, p. 309; al-Irshad, p. 308; Behaar al-Anwaar, vol. 11, p. 236
11. Ibid.
12. Nuqoosh Ismat, p. 614 quoted from Kitab al-Irshad, p. 265; Kashful Ghumma, p. 244
13. Nuqoosh Ismat, p. 215 quoted from Kitab al-Irshad, p. 310; Behaar al-Anwaar, vol. 11, p. 236
14. Nuqoosh Ismat, p. 215 quoted from Behaar al-Anwaar, vol. 11, p. 238
15. Kitab Al Irshad, p. 437 quoted from Al Kafi vol. 1, p. 308
16. Kitab Al Irshad, p. 437 quoted from Al Kafi, vol. 1, p. 308
17. Kitab Al Irshad, p. 439 quoted from Al Kafi, vol. 1, p. 310
18. Kitab Al Irshad, pp. 439 & 440
19. Nuqoosh Ismat, p. 616 quoted from Ibne Hajar Makki, p. 121
20. Nuqoosh Ismat, p. 616 quoted from Ibne Talha Shafei, Matalibus So-ool, p. 308
21. Nuqoosh Ismat, p. 616 quoted from Allamah Shibli, Anwarul Akhbar, p. 135
22. Nuqoosh Ismat, p. 616 quoted from Fusulul Muhaimma, Arjahul Matalib, p. 451; Ibne Sabbagh Maliki
23. Nuqoosh Ismat, p. 616 quoted from Husayn Waiz Kashifi, Rauzatus Shohada, p. 432
24. Nuqoosh Ismat, p. 616 quoted from Rauzatul Ahbab
25. Nuqoosh Ismat, p. 621 quoted from Wasilatun Najaat, p. 310, quoted from Faslul Khitab; Yanabiul Mawaddah, Chap. 65, p. 321; Shawahidun Nubuwwah, p. 194; Nurul Absar, p. 135; Elamul Wara, p. 178; Sawaneh Musa Kadhim, p. 8
26. Nuqoosh Ismat, pp. 604-605 quoted from Manaqib, Ibne Shahr Ashob
27. Al Mufid, Shaykh Kitab Al Irshad, p. 454
28. Al-’Amal wa Huqooq al-’Amil fi al-Islam, p. 135
29. Man La Yahdarahu al-Faqeeh, vol. 3, p. 53.
30. Nuqqosh Ismat, p. 619 quoted from Al Kuna wal Alqaab, vol. 2, p. 168
31. Surah An’am (6), Ayah 83
32. Surah An’am (6), Ayah 84
33. Surah An’am (6), Ayah 85
34. Surah Aal-e-Imran (3), Ayah 61
35. Uyun al-Akhbar al-Ridha: vol. 1, p. 81; Ehtejaj al-Tabarsi: vol. 2, p. 389; Behaar al-Anwaar, vol. 48, p. 125
36. Tohaf al-Uqool, p. 425
37. Behaar al-Anwaar, vol. 71, p. 143
38. Usool al-Kafi, vol. 4, p. 191
39. Tohaf al-Uqool, p. 416
40. Tohaf al-Uqool, p. 425
41. Tohaf al-Uqool, p. 425
42. Tohaf al-Uqool , p. 434
43. Tohaf al-Uqool , p. 437
44. Al Kafi, vol. 2, p. 65
45. Behaar al-Anwaar, vol. 103, p. 4
46. Tohaf al-Uqool, p. 383
47. Tohaf al-Uqool, p. 395

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FAQs

When did Imam Musa Kazim died? ›

Where is Imam Musa Kazim buried? ›

Musa al-Kazim, the Seventh Imam and his grandson, the Ninth Imam, Muhammad at-Taqi, are both buried within the Al Kadhimiya Mosque-Shrine near to where the House of Baha'u'llah is located.

When was Imam Musa Kazim born? ›

What is the name of 12 imams? ›

The twelve Imams, and their respective lifespans, are comprised by Ali ibn Abu Talib (600-661 CE), Hasan ibn Ali (625-670 CE), Husayn ibn Ali (626-680 CE), Ali ibn Husayn (658-712 CE), Muhammad Ibn Ali (677-732 CE), Ja'far ibn Muhammad (702-765 CE), Musa ibn Ja'far (744-749 CE), Ali ibn Musa (765-817 CE), Muhammad ibn ...

Who is the 7 imam of Islam? ›

Musa ibn Ja'far al-Kazim (Arabic: مُوسَىٰ ٱبْن جَعْفَر ٱلْكَاظِم, romanized: Mūsā ibn Jaʿfar al-Kāẓim), also known as Abū al-Ḥasan, Abū ʿAbd Allāh or Abū Ibrāhīm, was the seventh Imam in Twelver Shia Islam, after his father Ja'far al-Sadiq.

Who is first imam of Islam? ›

Ali was the first of the Twelve Imams, and, in the Twelvers view, the rightful successor to Muhammad, followed by male descendants of Muhammad through his daughter Fatimah. Each Imam was the son of the previous Imam, with the exception of Al-Husayn, who was the brother of Al-Hasan.

How many children did Imam Musa al Kadhim have? ›

The number of children that Imam Musa al-Kadhim had is disputed by various traditions and historical documenting. They are as follows: He had thirty-three children: sixteen males and seventeen females. He had thirty-seven children: eighteen males and nineteen females.

What does Kazim mean? ›

Kazem (also spelled Kadhem, Kadhim, Kazim, Qazim or Cathum; written in Arabic: كاظم, in Persian: کاظِم) means "tolerant", "forgiving", and "having patience" is an Arabic male given name.

Who is the 8th Imam? ›

Ali ibn Musa

Who are the 4 main imams? ›

Join us for an amazing 2-part webinar series exploring the life and contributions of the 4 great Sunni Imams; Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Malik, Imam As-Shafi'i, Imam Ahmed ibn Hanbal.

Who is the 12th prophet in Islam? ›

Muḥammad al-Mahdī al-Ḥujjah, in full Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan ibn ʿAlī al-Mahdī al-Ḥujjah, also called Muḥammad al-Muntaẓar, the Hidden Imam, or the Twelfth Imam, (disappeared 878), 12th and last imam, venerated by the Ithnā ʿAshariyyah, or Twelver sect, the main body of Shīʿite Muslims.

Do Sunnis believe in Imams? ›

For Sunni Muslims, Imam is most commonly used as the title of a worship leader of a mosque. In this context, imams may lead Islamic worship services, lead prayers, serve as community leaders, and provide religious guidance. Thus for Sunnis, anyone can study the basic Islamic sciences and become an Imam.

Who is the Shia Imam now? ›

Shāh Karim al-Husayni (born 13 December 1936), known by the religious title Mawlānā Hazar Imam by his Ismaili followers and elsewhere as Aga Khan IV, is the 49th and current Imam of Nizari Ismailis, a denomination within Shia Islam.

How many imams are in Islam? ›

According to Shia Islam, along with the Prophet Muhammad and his daughter, Fatimah al-Zahra, the Twelve Imams make up what is known as the 'fourteen infallible'. These fourteen infallible figures are revered as divinely appointed and guided leaders of the faith.

Who is the current Imam? ›

The 75-year-old Aga Khan, who is believed to be a direct descendant of Islam's Prophet Muhammad, is the 49th Imam or spiritual leader of the Ismailis.

Who were the first Muslims? ›

Abu Bakr is considered to be the first Muslim convert according to a majority of historical sources. Muhammad's prominent companions Hassan ibn Thabit (d. 674), Ibn Abbas (d. 687), and the Kufan scholar al-Nakhai (d.

Can Imams marry? ›

Ali said the Koran is clear that Muslim men are allowed to marry non-Muslim women as long as their brides are “People of the Book” — Christians or Jews, both of whom recognize Abraham as their spiritual forefather, as Muslims do. A Muslim woman, however, cannot marry a non-Muslim man unless he converts.

What is the highest rank in Islam? ›

Allamah. Allamah is an honorary and prestigious title carried by only the very highest scholars of Islamic thought, jurisprudence, and philosophy. It is used as an honorific in Sunni Islam as well as in Shia Islam. Allamah is a leader for the Islamic faith.

How do you pronounce Kazim? ›

How to Pronounce Kazim (Kazım) in Turkish - Voxifier.com - YouTube

How do you pronounce Kazem? ›

How to Pronunce Kazem (کاظم) in Persian (Farsi) - Voxifier.com

Who is Kazem? ›

Kazem is Firoozeh's beloved father. An intelligent, hardworking man, Kazem grows up in Iran but studies in the United States on a Fulbright scholarship, and later begins working for an Iranian oil company.

How many wives does Imam Musa Kazim have? ›

Hazrat Imam Musa Kazim(as)
Al-Kadhimiya Mosque
Bornc. 10 November 745 CE (7 Safar 128 AH) Abwa, Medina, Umayyad Empire
ReligionIslam
Spouse(s)Ummul Banīn Najmah and 3 others
ChildrenList[show]
11 more rows

Who is first imam of Islam? ›

Ali was the first of the Twelve Imams, and, in the Twelvers view, the rightful successor to Muhammad, followed by male descendants of Muhammad through his daughter Fatimah. Each Imam was the son of the previous Imam, with the exception of Al-Husayn, who was the brother of Al-Hasan.

What does Kazim mean? ›

Kazem (also spelled Kadhem, Kadhim, Kazim, Qazim or Cathum; written in Arabic: كاظم, in Persian: کاظِم) means "tolerant", "forgiving", and "having patience" is an Arabic male given name.

Who is the 8th Imam? ›

Ali ibn Musa

Which imam is buried in Samarra? ›

UNDER THE GOLDEN DOME: The Iraqi city of SAMARRA is the site of two major Shi'ite shrines. Consecrated in 852, the Golden Mosque is said to hold the remains of two Shi'ite imams: Ali al-Naqi and his son, Hasan al-Askari.

Who are the 4 main imams? ›

Join us for an amazing 2-part webinar series exploring the life and contributions of the 4 great Sunni Imams; Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Malik, Imam As-Shafi'i, Imam Ahmed ibn Hanbal.

Who were the first Muslims? ›

Abu Bakr is considered to be the first Muslim convert according to a majority of historical sources. Muhammad's prominent companions Hassan ibn Thabit (d. 674), Ibn Abbas (d. 687), and the Kufan scholar al-Nakhai (d.

Can imams marry? ›

Ali said the Koran is clear that Muslim men are allowed to marry non-Muslim women as long as their brides are “People of the Book” — Christians or Jews, both of whom recognize Abraham as their spiritual forefather, as Muslims do. A Muslim woman, however, cannot marry a non-Muslim man unless he converts.

Videos

1. Imam Raza | Miracle | Imam Reza Shrine | Imam Ali Al-Ridha| 8th Imam | Imam Reza | Mashhad |Wiladat
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2. Ziyarat 7th Imam Musa Al Kadhim a.s.
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3. Ziyarat of Imam Musa Kazim (al-Kadhim) alaihis salaam
(Thaqlain)
4. Imam Musa Kazim|Musa Al-Kadhim|Shia|Musa Ibn Jafar|Imam Ali|Kids Story|YouTube Shorts|Shahadat|2022
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6. Ya Musa Ibn Jaffer ع 🥺💔| Nadeem Sarwar | imam Musa Al Kazim ع #Noha #shia
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